सहाय्य:विक्शनरी साहाय्य:Setup For Devanagari

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सुस्वागतम्!
Do not know Marathi? Then please leave your comment at Wikipedia:Embassy.
In case you are a marathi knowing first time visitor,please go through this article first, then we strongly recommend to click here at Userlogin to create a user page for your self.You can ask for any help or discuss on your user talk page by just copy pasting {{helpme}} text with the given type double bracket in edit window(संपादन).

*कृपया, आपण इथे या चर्चा पानावर विकिपीडिआ साहाय्य:Setup For Devanagari पानातील माहिती संदर्भातच लिहावे. आपली इतर मते विक्शनरी:चावडी येथे मांडावीत.

Introduction[संपादन]

You are reading this page probably because you want to enable the support for Devanagari and other ‘Indic’ scripts on your computer system. Another article on how to use Devanagari,Help:Hindi Computing Resources on the Internet (including other Indic scripts) on different operating system platforms, promises substantial details.

The focus of this article, however, is to provide tips which enable support for Devanagari script.


The user should be able to locate his relevant solution and apply it in virtually no time. Definite steps are given for each important case. This article deals with two aspects: Reading support and Writing Support. The latter involves user interaction and thus contributes little complication of its own.

It would benfit users if they take note which operating system and browser is in use with them(on their computer system).

Users are requested to discuss their problems on Discussion page and if they are sure about nature of the problem and solution required, they are also requested to modify this article wherever appropriate.

Recommended on basis of userfriendliness[संपादन]

*Operating System :' #Microsoft Windows 2000+ *Browser: *Font:barahaबराहा

  • The above is just recommendation not a must. For more information please refer to this article in detail.
  • If you want to read the garbled marathi text coming on Marathi wikipedia,then copy paste it in Unicode Repair Tool and press fix it ,thata is it this tool has zero technicalities involved!
  • जर आपल्याला मराठीतूनच लिहावयाचे असेल तर या संकेतस्थळाला अवश्य भेट द्या :

Aksharamala 2007-3.6.2.12.zip येथून आपल्याला कुठेही मराठीतून टाइप करण्यासाठीचे सॉफ्टवेअर डाऊनलोड करता येईल.

युनिकोड मध्ये टंक डाउनलोड न करता ऑनलाईन लिहिणे[संपादन]

iu 2001:4C28:194:520:5E26:AFF:FEFE:81EC १३:१८, १३ जानेवारी २०१४ (UTC)sayyed ajaj

INDEX[संपादन]

(Display, Input) are available to help...



Please select your platform from following list...

Operating System+Graphical Environment Particular Version/Release
Microsoft Windows Windows 2003
Windows XP
Windows 2000/ME
Windows 98 SE
GNU/Linux (Distributions)
+
X Windows
+
GNOME
+
KDE)
Debian
Fedora Core
Knoppix
Mandrake
Novell SuSE Linux
Red Hat
Ubuntu
"Unlisted Distribution"
UNIX+X Windows X Windows Generic
Solaris
Apple MacIntosh Mac OS 9
Mac OS X
Browser Firefox
Internet Explorer
Konqueror
Mozilla
Opera


Frequently Asked Questions[संपादन]

hatthi mela ahe

Q: What is a Font? How does it work?

A: A Font is the type/style of Text on a computer screen.[१]


Q: Are there different types of fonts? What are the differences?

A: Yes. Fonts basically differ in their appearance.


Q: How to use fonts to display Devanagari?

A:Please refer article on how to use Devanagari (including other Indic scripts) on different operating system platforms, promises substantial details,Or else you can reffer to an article in Marathi संगणक टंक

Input-related FAQs[संपादन]

Q: What is Keyboard Layout?

A: Each key is assinged to some character in that language. Keyboard layout shows the character assiged to the specific key location on our keyboard. Layout is required in case we are using different language on different keyboard style. Ex- Typing Devanagari on English-style keyboard. Typing English on Urdu-style keyboard.


Q: What are different available Keyboard Layouts?

A:


Q: What is Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout?

A:

Q: What is Inscript-based Keyboard Layout?[संपादन]

A:

चित्र:Devanagari INSCRIPT.png
INSCRIPT Keyboard Layout (Windows, Solaris, Java)


Q: What is RTS-based Keyboard Layout?

A: RTS stands for "Rice Transliteration Scheme". It is a Roman transliteration scheme. For e.g. mahatma can be writen as mahaatmaa using indic script, which is very intuitive and you don't have to remember the keyboard layout if you are comfortable with the QWERTY layout.

Q: Which layout is most suited for Devanagari, especially for Marathi?

A:


Q: Which layout for Devanagari is most suited for general users?

A: Since most users have an English-layout keyboard, a mechanism to translate those keystrokes into proper sequence of Devanagari glyphs should be setup for the system. There are several options, from easiest (with basicfacilities) to complex ones (with many advanced features). Phonetic-based, Inscript-based and RTS-based keyboard layouts are avaiable options. Phonetic-based layout is most suited for general users who are assumed to type often in English. For example, some phonetic-layout can translate marAThI into 30px as appropriate and so on.

Q: What is Keymap? Please expand answer with little technical details for Linux/UNIX.

A:




Microsoft Windows[संपादन]

ई===Windows XP===

Display[संपादन]

Windows XP and later versions of Windows offer appropriate rendering of Devanagari and other Indic scripts. However if Devanagari script is not rendered by default, you can enable support by following these instructions-

  1. Open 'Control Panel'
  2. Open 'Regional and Language Options'
  3. Click 'Languages' tab
  4. Select the checkbox 'Install files for complex script....'
  5. Click Apply/OK

Input[संपादन]

There are several ways by which one can type in Devanagari on Windows platforms.

1. Microsoft-supported Input Method Editors (Deprecated)

1. Built-in support from Windows XP

  1. Open 'Control Panel'
  2. Open 'Regional and Language Options'
  3. Switch to 'Languages tab'
  4. Click on 'Details' button in frame 'Text Services and Input Languages'
  5. Click 'Add' button of dialog 'Text Services and Input Languages'
  6. Select Marathi in the 'Input Language' list in dialog 'Add Input Languages'
  7. Select Marathi in the 'Keyboard Layout/IME' list
  8. Click OK to close all dialog boxes opened so far to confirm the selection
  9. A 'Language Bar' should become visible on 'Taskbar' or in '[[:en:System Tray|System Tray]' where one can select keyboard layout to be activated

1.2. Download Indic Input IME which contains phonetic layouts for Windows XP.

By default Windows XP comes with the non-phonetic Layout. If you like 'Inscript', you can just follow the previous instructions.

:NOTE: Apparently the Indic IME's are supposed to work only on Microsoft Word and doesn't work well on other applications. Hence the instructions for Phonetic IME here won't be useful unless you are using this input with MS Office. The Inscript keymap however will work out of the box without downloading anything. Use the other two solutions listed below for phonetic keymaps.

2. Sarasvati IME For Windows 2000/XP

  1. This software is available for download at the site Sarasvati IME On SourceForge.net
  2. On the site you should get the latest information (it is worth to visit this site)

3. Baraha (Recommended)

  1. Download latest Baraha software from its website and install it.
  2. Start 'Baraha Direct' program
  3. Right-click on the 'Baraha Direct' icon on the status bar, select the 'Unicode' option and then click on 'Devanagari'

Windows 2000/ME[संपादन]

Display[संपादन]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Enabling_complex_text_support_for_Indic_scripts#Windows_2000 2001:4C28:194:520:5E26:AFF:FEFE:81EC १३:२०, १३ जानेवारी २०१४ (UTC)sayyed ajaj

Windows 95, 98, ME and NT[संपादन]

These operating systems contain no support for Indic scripts. Downloading Internet Explorer 6.0 should enable you to view Indic scripts on these operating systems but you will not be able to edit any Indic text. If after downloading Internet Explorer, you still cannot view Indic scripts please install an appropriate font.

Mozilla Firefox does not support Indic scripts on these operating systems unless a modified version of the program is used, such as the one found here.

Input[संपादन]

  • Go to Control Panel -> Regional Options
  • Select "Indic" under "Language settings for the system"
  • Click "OK", the system will ask you to restart
  • Restart the system
  • Install Baraha 7.0 from Baraha 7.0
  • Start Baraha Direct 7.0 and press F11
  • In the configuration screen select "Marathi" as Indian language and UNICODE as Output format
  • Whenever you want to type in Marathi press F11 and then type (press F11 again to type in English). Note that you don't need to select any special font for doing this. You can type in Marathi at almost anywhere like in notepad, Start Menu->Run edit box, MS Word etc.
  • Don't use non-standard browsers that use engines of IE/Netscape in the background (e.g. Deepnet Explorer). I have found out that the edit box under Deepnet Explorer prints ??? characters instead of devnagari characters.
  • Happy editing... :)

Applications with special support[संपादन]

Baraha [संपादन]

Baraha is simplest, free software to write in Indian languages. Also includes Baraha Direct > Write in INDIC language in any soft ( where cousrer is present !!). . . Baraha Convert > for conversion of Unicode( Win XP 2000), ascii Win 98 Me),Roman from each............other



UNIX-like Operating Systems

==X Windows== (Applicable across all UNIX/Linux systems)

X11[संपादन]

This section describes procedure to install fonts on any X11R5/6/7 based system. Nowdays almost all of the UNIX/Linux systems are eligible for this category because they run the latest X11R6 implementations.


X Display[संपादन]

First download Devanagari available from Yudit site, Raghu Font. Now a series of commands needs to be typed in a terminal window or command shell. Only administrator ('root' or user with equivalent power) can issue following commands successfully. Also, you can copy these commands to a new file and execute it from command promt.
 $ cp raghu.ttf /usr/share/fonts
 $ cd /usr/share/fonts
 $ fc-cache -fv
 $ ttmkfdir > fonts.scale 
 $ mkfontdir
Alternatively one can use following set of commands.
 $ ( [ -d /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TrueType ] \
   && cp raghu.ttf /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TrueType) \
   || ( [ -d /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TTF ] \
   && cp raghu.ttf /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TTF)\
   || echo "Neither directory is found, font is not installed"
 $ mkfontdir
 $ xset fp rehash

X Input[संपादन]



GNU/Linux[संपादन]

GNU/Linux General Description[संपादन]

On most of the distributions, the basic set of utilities and environment is similar (though not exactly same). Hence if you don't find the distribution of your interest listed here (or if present and distribution details are missing) then try tips from general section of linux. C-DAC (former NCST) has involvment in Devanagari support for Linux/UNIX operating system. Following document should be useful to many users. NCST Devanagari-HOWTO

GNU/Linux Display[संपादन]

Please refer to this section for details.

GNU/Linux Input[संपादन]



Debian Linux[संपादन]

   $ apt-get install ttf-indic-fonts


Fedora Core Linux[संपादन]

Fedora Core 3 comes with GNOME 2.8 and KDE 3.3 releases. Similarly from following table, please locate GNOME and KDE sections to refer.

Fedora Core Release GNOME Release KDE Release
Core 4 GNOME 2.10.x KDE 3.4.x
Core 3 GNOME 2.8.x KDE 3.3.x
Core 2 GNOME 2.6.x KDE 3.2.x
Core 1 GNOME 2.4.x KDE 3.1.x


Red Hat Linux[संपादन]

Red Hat GNOME Release KDE Release
Red Hat Linux 9.0  ??  ??
Red Hat Linux 8.0  ??  ??
Red Hat Linux 7.x  ??  ??




Novell SuSE Linux[संपादन]



Ubuntu Linux[संपादन]

Debian based Linux distro that uses GNOME as desktop.

There is another distro called Kubuntu that is same like above but using KDE as desktop.



Knoppix[संपादन]



ddddd

GNOME[संपादन]

GNU Network Object Model Environment=>GNOME
(Version) 2.8.x - 2.6.x - 2.4.x

General Description[संपादन]

Display[संपादन]

Pango is used by GNOME and related applications, as default font renderer. According to Indian Script Input System(ISIS), Pango is the best renderer for Linux system. However, to display Devanagari scripts, Pango requires Devanagari fonts, installed in the system. Please refer this section about how to install fonts in X Windows.

Input[संपादन]

This section provides general description about Input Methods and Keyboard Layouts and which to select. Based on this knowledge, one can select keyboard layout. However, Phonetic-layout is recommended for general users.

GNOME Phonetic-based keyboard Layouts[संपादन]

Because Phonetic-based keyboard Layouts are intuitive, it is recommended for general users.


a. Indian Script Input System (ISIS) It can be downloaded from Indian Script Input System Home Page.

Thanks for your great site! Please also visit my site: <a href= ></a> [url=][/url]

GNOME 2.8.x[संपादन]

Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Please refer to this section (Recommended)

Inscript Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

To enable support, following two steps are required:

1. To enable add Keyboard Indicator Applet to panel
1. Right click on panel
2. Choose Add to Panel...
3. Choose Keyboard Indicator
4. Click Add
चित्र:FC3-GNOME-Keyboard Indicator Panel Applet.png
Choosing Keyboard Layout Indicator Panel Applet in GNOME 2.8 running on Fedora Core 3
2. To add Hindi keyboard layout using Keyboard Indicator Applet
1. Right click on Keyboard Indicator
2. Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
3. Choose Layout tab
4. Select Hindi in Available Layouts list
5. Click Add
चित्र:FC3-GNOME-Keyboard Preferences-Layout.png
Choosing Hindi Keyboard Layout GNOME 2.8 on Fedora Core 3

As of now, explicit 'Marathi' keyboard layout is not available, or generic Devanagari layout may be termed as 'Hindi'. But it serves purpose of generic Inscript layout for Devanagari .

GNOME 2.6.x[संपादन]

Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Please refer to this section (Recommended)

Inscript-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

To enable support, following two steps are required:

1. To enable add Keyboard Indicator Applet to panel
1. Right click on panel
2. Choose Add to Panel
3. Select Utility
4. Choose Keyboard Indicator
चित्र:FC2-GNOME-Keyboard Indicator Panel Applet.png
Choosing Keyboard Layout Indicator Panel Applet in GNOME 2.6 running on Fedora Core 2
2. To add Hindi keyboard layout using Keyboard Indicator Applet
1. Right click on Keyboard Indicator
2. Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
3. Choose Layout tab
4. Select Hindi in Available Layouts list
5. Click Add
चित्र:FC2-GNOME-Keyboard Preferences-Layout.png
Choosing Hindi Keyboard Layout GNOME 2.6 on Fedora Core 2

As of now, explicit 'Marathi' keyboard layout is not available, or generic Devanagari layout may be termed as 'Hindi'. But it serves purpose of generic Inscript layout for Devanagari .


GNOME 2.4.x[संपादन]

Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Please refer to this section (Recommended)

Inscript-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

To enable support, following two steps are required:

1. To enable add Keyboard Switcher Applet to panel
1. Right click on panel
2. Choose Add to Panel
3. Select Utility
4. Choose Keyboard Layout Switcher
चित्र:FC1-GNOME-Keyboard Indicator Panel Applet.png
Choosing Keyboard Layout Indicator Panel Applet in GNOME 2.4 running on Fedora Core 1
2. To add Hindi keyboard layout using Keyboard Switcher

Red Hat Linux[संपादन]

Red Hat GNOME Release KDE Release
Red Hat Linux 9.0  ??  ??
Red Hat Linux 8.0  ??  ??
Red Hat Linux 7.x  ??  ??




Novell SuSE Linux[संपादन]



Ubuntu Linux[संपादन]

Debian based Linux distro that uses GNOME as desktop.

There is another distro called Kubuntu that is same like above but using KDE as desktop.



Knoppix[संपादन]



GNOME[संपादन]

GNU Network Object Model Environment=>GNOME
(Version) 2.8.x - 2.6.x - 2.4.x

General Description[संपादन]

Display[संपादन]

Pango is used by GNOME and related applications, as default font renderer. According to Indian Script Input System(ISIS), Pango is the best renderer for Linux system. However, to display Devanagari scripts, Pango requires Devanagari fonts, installed in the system. Please refer this section about how to install fonts in X Windows.

Input[संपादन]

This section provides general description about Input Methods and Keyboard Layouts and which to select. Based on this knowledge, one can select keyboard layout. However, Phonetic-layout is recommended for general users.

GNOME Phonetic-based keyboard Layouts[संपादन]

Because Phonetic-based keyboard Layouts are intuitive, it is recommended for general users.


a. Indian Script Input System (ISIS) It can be downloaded from Indian Script Input System Home Page.

Inscript keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Inscript comes with almost every distribution of Linux with GNOME. However one needs to know which version of GNOME a user is running on his/her system, to enable this support. Following major releases of GNOME are discussed here. Please refer to respective release.

GNOME 2.8.x[संपादन]

Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Please refer to this section (Recommended)

Inscript Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

To enable support, following two steps are required:

1. To enable add Keyboard Indicator Applet to panel
1. Right click on panel
2. Choose Add to Panel...
3. Choose Keyboard Indicator
4. Click Add
चित्र:FC3-GNOME-Keyboard Indicator Panel Applet.png
Choosing Keyboard Layout Indicator Panel Applet in GNOME 2.8 running on Fedora Core 3
2. To add Hindi keyboard layout using Keyboard Indicator Applet
1. Right click on Keyboard Indicator
2. Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
3. Choose Layout tab
4. Select Hindi in Available Layouts list
5. Click Add
चित्र:FC3-GNOME-Keyboard Preferences-Layout.png
Choosing Hindi Keyboard Layout GNOME 2.8 on Fedora Core 3

As of now, explicit 'Marathi' keyboard layout is not available, or generic Devanagari layout may be termed as 'Hindi'. But it serves purpose of generic Inscript layout for Devanagari .

GNOME 2.6.x[संपादन]

Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Please refer to this section (Recommended)

Inscript-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

To enable support, following two steps are required:

1. To enable add Keyboard Indicator Applet to panel
1. Right click on panel
2. Choose Add to Panel
3. Select Utility
4. Choose Keyboard Indicator
चित्र:FC2-GNOME-Keyboard Indicator Panel Applet.png
Choosing Keyboard Layout Indicator Panel Applet in GNOME 2.6 running on Fedora Core 2
2. To add Hindi keyboard layout using Keyboard Indicator Applet
1. Right click on Keyboard Indicator
2. Choose Open Keyboard Preferences
3. Choose Layout tab
4. Select Hindi in Available Layouts list
5. Click Add ||
चित्र:FC2-GNOME-Keyboard Preferences-Layout.png
Choosing Hindi Keyboard Layout GNOME 2.6 on Fedora Core 2

As of now, explicit 'Marathi' keyboard layout is not available, or generic Devanagari layout may be termed as 'Hindi'. But it serves purpose of generic Inscript layout for Devanagari .


GNOME 2.4.x[संपादन]

Phonetic-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

Please refer to this section (Recommended)

Inscript-based Keyboard Layout[संपादन]

To enable support, following two steps are required:

1. To enable add Keyboard Switcher Applet to panel
1. Right click on panel
2. Choose Add to Panel
3. Select Utility
4. Choose Keyboard Layout Switcher
चित्र:FC1-GNOME-Keyboard Indicator Panel Applet.png
Choosing Keyboard Layout Indicator Panel Applet in GNOME 2.4 running on Fedora Core 1
2. To add Hindi keyboard layout using Keyboard Switcher

Firefox Indic languages support[संपादन]

  1. Make sure hindi fonts are installed
    1. On Fedora/Redhat systems you can do following
    2. Command to verify: `rpm -q fonts-hindi`
    3. Command to install: `yum install fonts-hindi`
  2. Go the greasemonkey site : http://greasemonkey.mozdev.org/
  3. Install GreaseMonkey Firefox extension ( probably you will have to allow pop ups for this site.)
    1. Just click on "Install Greasemonkey" hyperlink and procced as it guides you.
  4. Close firefox. Start firefox again.
  5. GO to this site : http://userscripts.org/scripts/show/1480
  6. On the Right Hand Corner click "Install this Script" which will install a ".js" file .(The greasemonkey extension will take care of the .js install)

Display is enabled but input not possible[संपादन]

How one can contribute to Marathi Wikipedia if Display is enabled but input not possible.

  • Option1 Use baraha Editor select export utility type 'rich text editor unicode file'or 'HTML UNICODE UTF8' from there cut/copy and paste to Marathi wiki related talk page so one can else can help you with exact spell check. and posting in the article.
  • Option 2 Use Manogat editor and cut/copy and paste to Marathi wiki related talk page so one can else can help you with exact spell check. and posting in the article.
  • Option 3 Post your Brh Baraha file on Yahoo group file section
  • Option 4 provide help in updating links given in various articles ,may be one can search topic vise relevant links and add to relevant page.


हे सुद्धा पहा[संपादन]